The aetiology of functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGIDs) is not well understood. Early life experiences, such as manner of birth and gestation duration, may be risk factors for FGIDs. There is a scarcity of data from research on early life experiences and the development of FGIDs, and it is conflicting. The study’s goal was to look at the relationship between mode of delivery, gestational duration, and FGIDs in children. Researchers anticipated that Cesarean delivery and preterm would be linked with a higher frequency of FGIDs. Questionnaires were mailed to families in three Colombian cities. Parents submitted information on their child’s birth method, demographics, and medical history. Fisher exact tests were used to evaluate categorical data. The odds ratio was calculated using the 95 percent confidence interval. A total of 1497 youngsters took part. There was no significant increase in the prevalence of any of the Rome IV FGIDs among patients born by Cesarean delivery compared to vaginal birth. For individuals born between 28 and 32 weeks, there was a strong link between preterm and FGIDs. Functional nausea was the only FGID category that reached significance in this group. When gestational ages were pooled together in multivariate analysis, statistical significance was lost.
These data show that Cesarean section and preterm are not risk factors for the development of FGIDs. Future research is needed to better understand the link between early life experiences and FGIDs.